All Square

Materials

  • Six fat quarters of Oakshott hand woven shot cottons
  • Six fat quarter prints of your choice
  • 40cm (3⁄8yd) of 108cm (42in) wide fabric for binding
  • 145 x 145cm (56 x 56in) backing fabric
  • 145 x 145cm (56 x 56in) wadding
  • Toning sewing thread
  • Toning machine quilting thread
  • Rotary cutter, ruler and cutting mat
  • Erasable quilt marker pen or chalk pencil (optional)
  • Quilter's safety pins (optional)

Finished Size

Approx 122 x 122cm (48 x 48in)

Skill Level

Beginner

Maggie chose to make this quilt as a showcase for the beautiful and subtle hand woven shot cottons from Oakshott, combined with some vivid and brilliant prints from Westminster fabrics, which were mainly Kaffe Fassett prints. The two types of fabric complement each other beautifully and the shot cotton seems to change colour depending on how the light falls on it in each block.

The lap quilt measuring 122cm (48in) square is very economical to make, requiring just six fat quarters of print fabrics and six of plain, with very little left over. If you wanted to make a larger quilt, it's very easy to multiply up the quantities. We have given you the details of other sizes in the Fabric Requirements table at the end.

Cutting Instructions

  1. Carefully cut a total of 64 Piece A squares 2 1⁄2 x 2 1⁄2in. Cut 32 from plain fabric and 32 from print fabric. Cutting six squares from each fat quarter will leave eight spares.
  2. Carefully cut a total of 256 Piece B rectangles 2 1⁄2 x 4 1⁄2in. Cut 128 from plain fabric and 128 from print fabric. Cutting 24 rectangles from each fat quarter will give 32 spare, enough for eight spare blocks, which could perhaps make a cushion.
  3. Cut five binding strips 2 1⁄4in wide across the width of the fabric. Cut wadding and backing pieces 56in square, piecing the backing to size if necessary.

Assembly

Figure 1: Start Joining the Patches

  1. Select one print Piece A and four of a plain Piece B. Take Piece A and your first Piece B. Place the pieces right sides together, matching the top corners carefully. Use a 1⁄4in seam allowance stitch as shown, starting at the top and finishing at least 1⁄2in from the bottom edge of Piece A. See Figure 1. Lightly press the seam allowance away from the centre.
  2. Take your second Piece B and add as shown in Figure 2. Then add the third Piece B and lastly the fourth Piece B, carefully following the sequence shown. Finally complete stitching the first seam as shown in Figure 3, to join the first and fourth Piece B. Block 1 is now complete.
  3. Make 32 of Block 1, each with one print Piece A and four of a plain Piece B, as in Figure 4. Then make 32 of Block 2 in exactly the same way, each with one plain Piece A and four of a print Piece B, as in Figure 5.
  4. Lay out the finished blocks, alternating Block 1 and Block 2 as shown in the quilt assembly diagram, Figure 6. Stitch into eight rows of eight blocks, pressing the seams in alternate directions for each row.
    This will mean the seams nestle together neatly where they meet when you join the rows to form the quilt. Press the quilt top well when it is assembled.

Figure 2: Continue the sequence

Figure 3: completing the block

Left - Figure 4: block 1: make 32 One of piece A in print Four of piece b in one shot cotton. Right - Figure 5: block 2: make 32 One of piece A in shot cotton Four of piece b in one print

Figure 6: Quilt Layout

Quilting and Finishing

  1. Unfold or unroll your wadding and allow it to relax on a flat surface for a couple of hours. Give your backing and quilt top a good press. Mark your quilting pattern on the top with your preferred pen or chalk
    pencil.
  2. Lay the backing wrong side upwards on a clean flat surface. There must be no wrinkles in the backing fabric. Next lay on the wadding. Again there must be no wrinkles. Lastly lay your quilt top right side
    upward to make a textile sandwich.
  3. If you have any little wrinkles, smooth the layers from the centre out. If you have big wrinkles, take the layers apart and start again; it’s worth the effort!
  4. If you are hand quilting, baste your quilt using large stitches through all the layers. If you are machine quilting, then pin the layers together using special quilter’s safety pins. Starting from the centre, tack (baste) or pin towards the edge. The tacking (basting) diagram in Figure 7 shows a basic pattern, you will need to adapt it to your quilt. Tack about every 10cm (4in). This whole operation is easier with a friend to help.
  5. Hand quilt using a short running stitch through all three layers, following your marked design, or quilt on your machine. The use of a walking foot makes sure the layers do not slip during quilting. Trim the
    edges of the quilt.
  6. Stitch the binding strips into a continuous length and press in half lengthways, wrong sides together. Fold one end at 45 degrees and press. Trim to a 1⁄4in allowance. Stitch the binding to the front
    of the quilt, turning the corners as you go. Overlap the end of the binding with the start. Turn the binding to the back of the quilt and slip stitch in place by hand.

Figure 7: Tacking diagram

FABRIC REQUIREMENTS TABLE

If you would like to make this quilt in smaller or larger sizes, these are the fabric quantities and number of blocks you will need.

  Cot Single Double King
Finished size 36 x 48in 72 x 84in 78 x 96in 108 x 108in
No of blocks 64 168 208 324
No of each block 24 of Block 1
24 of Block 2
84 of Block 1
84 of Block 2
104 of Block 1
104 of Block 2
162 of Block 1
162 of Block 2
Block layout 6 by 8 12 by 14 13 by 16 18 by 18
Fabric requirement Six plain fat quarters
Six print fat quarters
60cm (5⁄8yd) each of six plains
60cm (5⁄8yd) each of six prints
75cm (7⁄8yd) each of six plains
75cm (7⁄8yd) each of six prints
1m (11⁄8yd) each of six plains
1m (11⁄8yd) each of six prints
Binding 35cm
Cut five strips
50cm
Cut eight strips
60cm
Cut nine strips
70cm
Cut eleven strips
Backing 112 x 145cm (44 x 56in) 203 x 234cm (80 x 92in) 219 x 264cm (86 x 104in) 295 x 295cm (116 x 116in)
Wadding 112 x 145cm (44 x 56in) 203 x 234cm (80 x 92in) 219 x 264cm (86 x 104in) 295 x 295cm (116 x 116in)

First published in Popular Patchwork December 2007